How to Recognize Vulva Cancer Symptoms

Here you can get information about How to Recognize Vulva Cancer Symptoms. Although many of us are in danger of cancer of the vulva, this disease is extremely rare.

Despite the very fact that few people will actually ever develop vulvar cancer, it’s advisable to understand and recognize the signs of it. If you discover any symptoms, your doctor will get to confirm a diagnosis of vulvar cancer. Treatment for the disease is usually successful, depending on its severity.

Table of Contents

What Is Vulvar Cancer?

Vulvar cancer is when cancerous cells grow out of control on or within the vulva, the outer a part of a woman’s genitals. It’s different from vaginal cancer, which starts inside the vagina.

A woman’s vulva includes:

  • The opening of the vagina. This is the tubelike channel that leads out from their uterus.
  • The labia. These are two sets of skin folds that appear as if lips. The labium is the fleshy assail the surface. The labia minora are thinner and set inside them.
  • The clitoris. This is often a sensitive knob of tissue under a hood of skin where the labia minora meet.
  • The Mons. This is often the soft mound ahead of their pubic bones that becomes covered with hair in puberty.
  • The perineum. This is often the patch of skin between their vulva and anus.

Signs and symptoms

The first sign is typically a lump or ulceration, possibly with itching, irritation, or bleeding.

Sometimes, a lady might not seek medical help directly due to embarrassment, but an early diagnosis will improve the outlook.

Most typical symptoms include:

  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • bleeding
  • pain and burning
  • dark discolouration in cases of melanoma
  • painful urination
  • persistent itching
  • rawness and sensitivity
  • wart-like growths
  • thickened skin
  • ulceration

Different types of vulvar cancer may have different symptoms, and in some cases, there could also be no noticeable symptoms. Any changes that take place should be checked with a doctor.


The vulva includes the labia majora, mons pubis, labia minora, clitoris, the vestibule of the vagina, the bulb of the vestibule, greater and lesser vestibular glands, and vaginal orifice. Vulvar cancer most ordinarily affects the outer lips of the vagina.

Cancer that originates within the vulva is named primary vulvar cancer. If it starts in another a part of the body then spreads to the vulva, it’s called secondary vulvar cancer.

There are several sorts of vulvar cancer.

  • Squamous cell carcinoma affects the flat, outer layers of skin. In medicine, the word squamous refers to flat cells that appear as if fish scales. About 90 percent of all vulvar cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. It takes several years for noticeable symptoms to develop.
  • Vulvar melanoma accounts for about 5 percent of all vulvar cancers. A melanoma presents as a dark patch of discoloration. There’s a high risk of this sort of cancer spreading to other parts of the body, a process referred to as metastasis. It’s going to affect younger ladies.
  • Adenocarcinoma originates in glandular tissue, and during this case, the cells line the glands within the vulva. It accounts for a tiny proportion of vulvar cancers.
  • Sarcoma originates within the connective tissue. Most cancers of this sort are malignant. It’s rare.
  • Verrucous carcinoma may be a subtype of the squamous cell cancer, and it tends to seem as a slowly growing wart.

The outlook is generally good if diagnosis happens within the early stages, before the cancer spreads, and if the lady receives prompt and appropriate treatment.

Risk factors

Although the precise cause of vulvar cancer isn’t known, certain factors appear to extend your risk of the disease, including:

  • Increasing age. The danger of vulvar cancer increases with age, though it can occur at any age. The typical age at diagnosis is 65.
  • Being exposed to human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV may be a sexually transmitted infection that increases the danger of several cancers, including vulvar cancer and cervical cancer. Many young, sexually active people are exposed to HPV, except for most the infection goes away on its own. For some, the infection causes cell changes and increases the danger of cancer within the future.
  • Smoking. Smoking increases the danger of vulvar cancer.
  • Having a weakened system. People that take medications to suppress the system, like those who’ve undergone transplant, and people with conditions that weaken the system, like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), have an increased risk of vulvar cancer.
  • Having a history of precancerous conditions of the vulva. Vulvar intra epithelial neoplasia may be a precancerous condition that increases the danger of vulvar cancer. Most instances of vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia will never become cancer, but a little number do continue to become invasive vulvar cancer. For this reason, your doctor may recommend treatment to get rid of the world of abnormal cells and periodic follow-up checks.
  • Having a skin condition involving the vulva. Lichen sclerosus, which causes the vulvar skin to become thin and itchy, increases the danger of vulvar cancer.

Vulvar Cancer Diagnosis

Your appointment might include:

  • A medical history. Your doctor will ask about your overall health, including habits and illnesses.
  • A pelvic exam. They’ll check your vulva for signs of cancer by watching the world and feeling your uterus, vagina, ovaries, bladder, and rectum.
  • Colposcopy. A magnifying tool called a colposcope can provide a close-up check out any problem areas in your vagina, vulva, and cervix. This procedure is additionally called a vulvoscopy.
  • Biopsy. Your doctor might take a touch of tissue for a specialist to seem at under a microscope.
  • Imaging tests. X-rays, CT and PET scans, and MRIs make detailed pictures of the within of your body to inform your doctor if you’ve got cancer or how far it’s spread.


The types of treatment normally used for vulvar cancer are surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and biologic therapy.

  • Surgery is that the main way to treat vulvar cancer. Treatment aims to get rid of the cancer while leaving sexual function intact. If diagnosis occurs within the early stages of the cancer, limited surgery is required. At the later stages, and if the cancer has spread to nearby organs, like the urethra, vagina or rectum, surgery are going to be more extensive.
    • Types of surgery include:
      • Laser surgery: This uses a beam as a knife, to get rid of lesions.
      • Excision: The surgeon attempts to get rid of all the cancer and a few healthy tissues around it.
      • Skinning vulvectomy: The surgeon removes the highest layer of skin, where the cancer is found. A skin from another, a part of the body, are often wont to replace what was lost.
      • Radical vulvectomy: The surgeon removes the entire vulva, including the clitoris, vaginal lips, the opening to the vagina, and typically the nearby lymph nodes also
  • Radiation therapy can shrink deep lesions or tumours before surgery, in order that they are going to be easier to get rid of. It also can treat lymph nodes. It is often wont to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. How it’s used depends on which stage the cancer has reached.
  • Chemotherapy is usually used with radiotherapy as a part of palliative care. It’s going to be used on the skin, as a cream or lotion, but the tactic will depend upon whether and the way far the cancer has spread.
    • Reconstructive surgery could also be possible, counting on what proportion of tissue is removed. Plastic surgery reconstruction can involve skin flaps, and a skin is usually possible.
  • Biologic therapy may be quite an immunotherapy. It uses either synthetic or natural substances to assist the body defend itself against cancer. Imiquimod is an example. It’s going to be applied topically, as a cream, to treat vulvar cancer.

Up to 24 percentTrusted Source of vulvar cancers will eventually come. It’s important to attend follow-up visits.


  • Don’t ignore symptoms. If cancer cells reach the pelvic lymph nodes, secondary cancers could spread to anywhere in the body.
  • There is no treatment for HPV once you’ve contracted it. If you are under the age of 30, consider getting the HPV vaccine to decrease your risk of HPV related diseases.
How to Recognize Vulva Cancer Symptoms

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