Microphones are a vital piece of kit when creating any type of recorded project, but once you watch big feature films, you never seem to see the microphones. This is often due partially to the very fact that sometimes directors will make use of boom mics, which are held above the speaker and out of the frame of the camera.
However, lavalier microphones also are often used when filming because this device is little , discreet and may easily be tucked away and out of sight. Lavalier microphones are perfect for interviews or scenes when the actor is traveling tons and that we still got to hear his or her dialogue. If you’ve never used a lavalier mic before, learn more about these pieces of kit and the way to stay them tucked faraway from the camera.
What Is a Lavalier Microphone
A lavalier microphone may be a small device that features a clip-on option, making it easy to connect to a speaker’s shirt or other article of clothing. Lavalier microphones are typically made with two different pickup patterns—unidirectional or unidirectional. the sort of audio that you simply hope to capture for the scene will determine which of those patterns will better fit your needs. Unidirectional mics are ready to pick up sound from many various directions and are usually used when filming TV shows or hosting concerts. Unidirectional mics are designed to select up sound in one specific direction. A unidirectional lavalier microphone is perhaps most beneficial if you’re trying to capture each individual’s dialogue, especially if there’s tons of movement within the scene.
How to Use Lavalier Microphones
Using a lavalier microphone is fairly simple. the primary step to using your new mic is mounting it on the speaker. The mounting spot is vital because it must be somewhat on the brink of the speaker’s mouth so as to select up the sound, but if you’re creating a movie or short film, you almost certainly don’t want the mic to be visible. There are many ways to tuck the lavalier mic away and still capture great audio. Lavalier microphones are available in wired and wireless options, but you’ll also need a receiver to select up and record the audio. If the wired receiver is attached to the speaker, take care to not catch the receiver in your shot also .
Hiding Your Lavalier Microphone
Use Dress Shirts and Shirts with Buttons
A classic method for disguising a lavalier microphone, pinning the device to the button area of a evening shirt can easily make the mic disappear. you would like to seek out the exact spot where each side of the shirt meet, and take care to pin it very precisely so it doesn’t slip call at the center of a scene. you’ll also tuck a lavalier microphone away near the button of a evening shirt , but you would like to form sure that it doesn’t rub against the material an excessive amount of , creating a wierd and distracting sound. For females wearing shirts that have thin straps or no straps, many of us will tape the mic to their sternum, keeping it out of sight yet still doing its job.
Hide In an Actor’s Hair
This may come as a surprise to some people, but directors often use hair to hide up lavalier microphones. Because the device is placed on the actor’s head, it’s easy to still devour their dialogue, and therefore the hairline can easily disguise a microphone. Although this is often an ingenious tip for several , it’s going to not always work. If your actor has very thin hair or not much hair in the least , you’ll need to explore other options.
Disguise a Mic in Accessories
There are dozens of great accessories that are used as a part of an actor’s costume which will also double as an area to cover a mic. for instance , tucking a lavalier microphone right behind the knot of a tie may be a clever thanks to hide in plain sight. If your actor is wearing a helmet for a few reason, you’ll tuck the mic into the helmet. the other accessories that are near the top or neck are great places to cover a mic, so try getting creative.
Rigging Under Clothing
Once the lav is roughly positioned, following step is to prepare the microphone for rigging. Start by forming alittle nickel-sized loop of cable, on the brink of the mic head. This loop is significant , because it serves to dam cable noise and vibration. Tie off the loop with alittle piece of thread, string, or gaffers tape. Carefully wrap the tape with the clean side facing the cable and therefore the sticky side out. Tie the loop in order that it’s not too tight and may breathe easily when tugged. this may allow the loop to supply some emergency slack just in case the talent moves during a way that pulls on the cable.
When placing a microphone under clothing you would like to require precautions to stop clothing noise. One simple technique for shielding the lavalier head from noise is to encapsulate it within two sticky triangles made out of tape. The triangles prevent clothing from rubbing the microphone and also provide insulation from vibrations carried along the clothing fibers.
Step 1: tear away a few strips of tape – 3 inches long
Step 2: Fold your strips corner over corner, ensuring that the sticky side is facing out, to make a triangle. Continuing folding corner over corner, as if folding a flag.
Step 3: Place the microphone between the 2 triangles, taking care to not block the open sound ports at the highest of the mic.
This technique will work with any top facing lavalier, including the AT899. If you’re working with a lavalier that features a side address or side-facing configuration, you’ll offset one among the triangles to avoid blocking the port hole.
To attach the rig to an actor, place the loop just opposite of a button and connect the triangle above it. it’s important to tape down the wire below the loop, this anchors the microphone and provides strain relief.
If the talent must remain wired for an extended period of your time or there’s concern about moisture, it’s ideal to strengthen the triangles by inserting a security pin into one or both of the corners. The pin will bear the load of the rig, allowing the sticky sides of the triangles to stop clothing rub.
This rig are often utilized in other situations also , including:
• Inside a bra
• Under a collar
• On the strap of an undergarment
When the talent is wearing very loose or flimsy clothing, it’s going to be necessary to secure the microphone directly on the chest. the essential principles we previously mentioned remain an equivalent , however you want to substitute medical tape for any rigging that’s placed against skin. confirm to prep the skin with an alcohol wipe, which can remove natural oils. Disposable wipes are often found in any drug store. Lack of prep will cause your tape to not stick with the talent.