How To Sue An Abusive Debt Collector

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You have the right to be treated with dignity by debt collectors. In fact, it’s against federal law for debt collectors to abuse or mislead you. If a debt collector has been abusive, then you ought to sue in court. By suing, you’ll get compensation for any emotional injury you’ve got suffered. you’ll also recover any lost wages. to start out the lawsuit, you would like to fill out a legal complaint form and file it with a court.

Table of Contents

Sue the Debt Collector in State Court

You may bring a lawsuit against the debt collector in state court. within the lawsuit, you want to prove that the debt collector violated the FDCPA. If successful, you would possibly be ready to collect $1,000 in statutory damages, and possibly more if you suffered harm from the violations.

In these lawsuits, the buyer is nearly always represented by an attorney. the quantity of cash that the buyer sues for includes the consumer’s attorney fees and costs. Suing in state court is nearly always the foremost time-consuming and lengthy of all remedies, but a successful lawsuit can award the buyer the very best monetary damages.

Report the Action to a agency

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is charged with overseeing debt collector actions and ensuring that the FDCPA isn’t violated. Consumers can contact the FTC with FDCPA concerns. you’ll file a web complaint using the FTC’s Complaint Assistant at

Consumers can also contact the buyer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). The CFPB takes consumer complaints, passes those complaints along to the creditor, then works with the buyer and creditor to seek out an answer to the matter . you’ll submit a web complaint with the CFPB at

Gathering Evidence of the Abuse

Identify abusive practices. Federal law strictly limits what a debt collector can do when collecting a debt. for example, federal law prevents the debt collector from doing the following:

  • Calling you at unreasonable times. this may depend upon your schedule. If you’re employed in the dark , then a call at 3:00 pm once you are asleep might be unreasonable. Generally, the law assumes any call before 8:00 am or after 9:00 pm is unreasonable.
  • Threatening violence or using violence.
  • Threatening that you’ll be sent to jail due to the debt.
  • Using profane or obscene language.
  • Claiming that you simply owe quite you are doing . Also, a debt collector cannot add unauthorized interest, charges, or fees to the quantity that you simply owe.
  • Claiming to be a lawyer once they aren’t .
  • Contacting third parties about the debt. Debt collectors are strictly limited in who they will ask about your debt. they will ask your lawyer, and that they can ask people if they know where you’re . But they can’t discuss your debt with unauthorized people.

Preparing for Court

Analyze the defendant’s answer. The debt collector will likely answer your complaint within a particular time-frame (usually within 30 days) after they’re served. Their response may are available various forms, but most ordinarily the response are going to be a general answer or denial. once you get their response, analyze it to work out your course of action.

a solution contains admissions or denials to every one among your complaint claims. it’ll also include all of the defenses they’re raising also because the statement of facts as they perceive them.
A general denial may be a simple, one sentence response, denying all of the allegations. it’s going to also include affirmative defenses and a press release of facts also .

Going to Trial

File an appeal, if necessary. If you lost, you would possibly want to file an appeal. You shouldn’t wait too long. counting on the court, you would like to file for an appeal shortly after judgment is entered—sometimes in as little as 10 days.

  • There are pros and cons to bringing an appeal. If the judge made an error at trial, or if the jury got the case totally wrong, then you’ll win an appeal and obtain a replacement trial. An appeal could be the sole thanks to get compensation for the abuse you’ve got suffered.
  • There also are negatives. For one, you’ll need a lawyer to assist you draft a brief . Appeals are technical, and you almost certainly can’t learn the principles on your own. Also appeals can take up to a year to be resolved.
  • If you would like to file an appeal, then ask the clerk for a Notice of Appeal form and fill it out.
How To Sue An Abusive Debt Collector

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